Lay theories and folk psychologies

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Allen, D. (2000) ‘I’ll tell you what suits me best if you don’t mind me saying’: ‘lay participation’ in health-care, Nursing Inquiry,  7, 182–190.

Avdi, E. (2005) Negotiating a pathological identity in the clinical dialogue: Discourse analysis of a family therapy, Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 78: 493–511

Bellaby, P. & Lawrenson, D. (2001) Approaches to the risk of riding motorcycles: Reflections on the problem of reconciling statistical risk assessment and motorcyclists own reasons for riding, Sociological Review,  49, (3), 368-388.

Benveniste, J., Lecouteur, A. &  Hepworth, J. (1999) Lay Theories of Anorexia Nervosa, Journal of Health Psychology,  4, (1)  59–69.

Berling, J.M. (2006) The folk psychology of souls, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 29: 453-498

Boonzaier, A., McClure, J. & Sutton, R.M. (2005) Distinguishing the effects of beliefs and preconditions: The folk psychology of goals and actions, European Journal of Social Psychology, 35, 725–740.

Bowling, A. & Gabriel, Z. (2007) Lay theories of quality of life in older age,  Ageing & Society 27, 2007, 827–848.

Breheny, R. (2006) Communication and Folk Psychology, Mind & Language, 21 (1): 74–107.

Budd, R., James, D. and Hughes, I. (2008) Patients’ Explanations for Depression: A Factor Analytic Study, Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 15:  28–37.

Cameron,L.D. (2008) Illness risk representations and motivations to engage in protective behavior: The case of skin cancer risk, Psychology and Health; 23(1): 91–112.

Campbell, A. & Muncer, S. (1990) Causes of crime: Uncovering a lay model, Criminal Justice and Behaviour, 17, (4): 410-419,

Couture, S.J. (2006) Transcending a Differend: Studying Therapeutic Processes Conversationally, Contemporary Family Therapy, 28: 285-302.

Clark, A.M. (2003) 'Its like an explosion in your life…’: lay perspectives on stress and myocardial infarction, Journal of Clinical Nursing, 12, 544–553.

Fisher, C.D. (2003) Why do lay people believe that satisfaction and performance are correlated? Possible sources of a commonsense theory, Journal of Organizational Behaviour,  24, 753–777.

Frankel, R.M. (2001) Conversational contingencies: The role of patients' self diagnosis in medical encounters, Text, 21, (1-2): 83-111.


Fullagar S (2009) Negotiating the Neurochemical Self: Anti-Depressant Consumption in Women’s Recovery from Depression. Health: 13, (4): 389–406.


Furnham, A.  and Anthony, E. (2010) Lay Theories of Bipolar Disorder: the Causes, Manifestations and Cures for  Perceived Bipolar Disorder, International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 56(3): 255–269


Furnham, A. & Bower, P. (1992) A Comparison of Academic and Lay Theories of Schizophrenia, British Journal of Psychiatry,161: 201-210.


Furnham, A. & Chan, E. (2004) Lay theories of schizophrenia: A cross-cultural comparison of British and Hong Kong Chinese attitudes, attributions and beliefs, Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 39: 543–552.

Furnham, A. and Cheng, H. (2000) Lay theories of happiness, Journal of Happiness Studies, 1: 227–246,

Furnham, A., Pereira, E. & Rawles, R. (2001) Lay theories of psychotherapy: perceptions of the efficacy of different ‘cures’ for specific disorders, Psychology, Health and Medicine 6, (1), 77-84.

Furnham, A. & Wardley, Z. (1991) Lay theories of psychotherapy II: The efficacy of different therapies and prognosis for different problems, Human Relations, 44, (11): 1197-1211.

Furnham, A., Wardley, Z.  & Lillie, F. (1992) Lay theories of psychotherapy III: Comparing the ratings of lay persons and clinical psychologists, Human Relations, 45, (8):  839-858.

Garrett, P.M. (2009) The ‘Whalebone’ in the (Social Work) ‘Corset’? Notes on Antonio Gramsci and Social Work Educators, Social Work Education, 28, (5): 461–475.

Hjelm, K., Bard, K., Nyberg, P. & Apelqvist, J. (2005) Swedish and Middle-Eastern-born women’s beliefsabout gestational diabetes, Midwifery, 21: 44–60.

Hong, Y.-Y., Levy, S.R., Chiu, C.-Y.  (2001) The Contribution of the Lay Theories Approach to the Study of Groups, Personality and Social Psychology Review, 5, (2): 98-106.

Iselin, M.-G. and Addis, M.E. (2003) Effects of Etiology on Perceived Helpfulness of Treatments for Depression, Cognitive Therapy and Research, 27, (2), 205–222.

Jayaratne, T.E., Ybarra, O., Sheldon, J.P., Brown, T.N. Feldbaum, M., Pfeffer, C.A. and Petty, E.M. (2006) White Americans’ Genetic Lay Theories of Race Differences and Sexual Orientation: Their Relationship with Prejudice toward Blacks, and Gay Men and Lesbians, Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 9, (1): 77–94

Karafantis, D.M. and Levy, S.R. (2004) The Role of Children’s Lay Theories About the Malleability of Human Attributes in Beliefs About and Volunteering for Disadvantaged Groups, Child Development, 75, (1), 236–250.

Kirk, L. Haaga, D.A.F., Solomon, A.  and Brody, C. (2000) Perceptions of Depression among Never-Depressed and Recovered-Depressed People, Cognitive Therapy and Research,  24, (5), 585–594.

Klaczynski, P.A., Goold, K.W. & Mudry, J.J. (2004) Culture, Obesity Stereotypes, Self-Esteem, and the “Thin Ideal”: A Social Identity Perspective, Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 33, (4): 307–317.

Knight, M.T.D., Furnham, A.F. & Lester, D.F. (2000) Lay theories of suicide, Personality and Individual Differences, 29, 453-457.

Koenigsmann, M., Koehler, K., Regner, A., Franke, A. & Frommer, J. (2006) Facing mortality: A qualitative in-depth interview study on illness perception, lay theories and coping strategies of adult patients with acute leukaemia 1 week after diagnosis, Leukemia Research, 30: 1127–1134.

Ji, L.-J. (2008) The Leopard Cannot Change His Spots, or Can He? Culture and the Development of Lay Theories of Change, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 34, (5): 613-622.

Kangas, I. (2001) Making sense of depression: perceptions of melancholia in lay narratives, Health, 5(1): 76–92.

Levy, S.R., Chiu, C. and Hong, Y. (2006) Lay Theories and Intergroup Relations, Group Processes & Intergroup Relations,  9, (1): 5–24.

Levy, S.R., West, T.R.,  Ramirez, L. & Karafantis, D.L.  (2006) The Protestant Work Ethic: A Lay Theory with Dual Intergroup Implications, Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 9, (1): 95–115.

Levy, S.R., West, T.L. and Ramirez, L. (2005) Lay theories and intergroup relations: A social-developmental perspective, European Review of Social Psychology, 16: 189-220.

Mercado-Martinez, F.J. & Ramos-Herrera, I.M. (2002) Diabetes: The Layperson’s Theories of Causality, Qualitative health Research, 12, (6), 792-806.

Murphy, M.C. & Dweck, C.S. (2010) A Culture of Genius: How an Organization’s Lay Theory Shapes People’s Cognition, Affect, and Behavior, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36, (3): 283–296.

Nahmias, E., Morris, S., Nadelhoffer, T. and Turner, J. (2005) Surveying Freedom: Folk Intuitions about Free Will and Moral Responsibility, Philosophical Psychology, 18, (5): 561–584.


Nichols, S. (2004) The Folk Psychology of Free Will: Fits and Starts, Mind & Language, 19 (4): 473–502.


Nordby,H. (2008) Medical explanations and lay conceptions of disease and illness in doctor–patient interaction, Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, 29: 357–370.


O’Byrne, R., Hansen, S. and Rapley, M. (2008) If a Girl Doesn’t Say ‘no’. . .’’: Young Men, Rape and Claims of ‘Insufficient Knowledge’, Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 18: 168–193.


Pinazo, D., Peris, R. & Gámez, M.J. (2010) Lay Beliefs About Developing Countries in Relation to Helping Behaviors, The Journal of Social Psychology, 150, (4): 393–415.


Popay, J., Bennett, S., Thomas, C., Williams, G., Gatrell, A. and Bostock, L. (2003) Beyond ‘beer, fags, egg and chips’? Exploring lay understandings of social inequalities in health, Sociology of Health & Illness,  25, (1), 1–23.

Ratcliffe, M. (2006) ‘Folk psychology’ is not folk psychology, Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 5: 31–52.

Rayner, G. & Warner,S. (2003) Self-harming behaviour: from lay perceptions to clinical practice, Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 16, (4): 305–329.

Rieffe, C., Terwogt, M.M. and Cowan, R. (2005) Children’s Understanding of Mental States as Causes of Emotions, Infant and Child Development, 14: 259–272.

Rodriguez, P. (2006) Talking brains: a cognitive semantic analysis of an emerging folk neuropsychology, Public Understanding of Science, 15: 301–330.


Russell, G., Kelly, S. and Golding, J. (2009) A qualitative analysis of lay beliefs about the aetiology and prevalence of autistic spectrum disorders, Child: care, health and development, 36, (3): 431–436.


Rydstedt, L.W., Devereux, J. and Furnham, A.F. (2004) Are lay theories of work stress related to distress? A longitudinal study in the British workforce, Work & Stress, 18, (3): 245-254.

Sanders, T., Campbell, R., Donovan,J. & Sharp, D.(2007) Narrative Accounts of Hereditary Risk: Knowledge About Family History, Lay Theories of Disease, and “Internal” and “External” Causation, Qualitative Health Research, 17, (4): 510-520.

Skirton, H. (2001) The Client’s Perspective of Genetic Counselling - A Grounded Theory Study, Journal of Genetic Counseling, 10, (4),  311-329.

Sommers, S.R. & Norton, M.I. (2006) Lay Theories About White Racists: What Constitutes Racism (and What Doesn’t), Group Processes & Intergroup Relations 9, (1): 117–138

Tritter, J.Q. & Calnan, M. (2002) Cancer as a chronic illness? Reconsidering categorization and exploring experience, European Journal of Cancer Care, 11: 161–165.

Village,A. (2005) Dimensions of belief about miraculous healing, Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 8, (2): 97–107.

Wagner, W. (2007) Vernacular science knowledge: its role in everyday life communication, Public Understanding of Science, 16: 7–22.

Walker, R.L., Lester, D. & Joe, S. (2006) Lay Theories of Suicide: An Examination of Culturally Relevant Suicide Beliefs and Attributions Among African Americans and European Americans, Journal of Black Psychology, 32 (3): 320-334.

Wellard, I., Pickard, A. and Bailey, R. (2007) ‘A shock of electricity just sort of goes through my body’: physical activity and embodied reflexive practices in young female ballet dancers, Gender and Education, 19, (1): 79-91.