Papers and materials for HEST5001


Abraham, J. (1994) Bias in science and medical knowledge: the Opren controversy, Sociology, 28, (3): 717-736.


Ahmad, W. (1999) Ethnic Statistics: Better than Nothing or Worse than Nothing? In: Dorking, D. & Simpson, S. (Eds.) Statistics in Society: The Arithmetic of Politics, London: Arnold pp. 124-131


Aiga, H. (2007) Bombarding people with questions: a reconsideration of survey ethics, Bulletin of the World Health Organization | November 2007, 85 (11) 823-824.


Anonymous (n.d.) Questions to ask about data collection instruments


Arber, S. (1990) Revealing women’s health: reanalysing the General Household Survey. In H. Roberts (ed). Women’s Health Counts. London: Routledge, pp. 63-92.


Arnaiz-Villena, A., Dimitroski, K., Pacho, A., Moscoso, J., Gomez-Casado, E., Silvera-Redondo, C., Varela, P., Blagoevska, M., Zdravkovska, V. & Martınez-Laso, J. (2001) HLA genes in Macedonians and the sub-Saharan origin of the Greeks, Tissue Antigens, 57: 118–127.


Arnaiz-Villena, A., Elaiwa, N., Silvera, C., Rostom, A., Moscoso, J., Gómez-Casado, E., Allende, L., Varela, P. & Martínez-Laso, G. (2001) The Origin of Palestinians and Their Genetic Relatedness With Other Mediterranean Populations, Human Immunology 62, 889-900


Bagenal, F.S., Easton, D.F., Harris, E., Chilvers, C.E.D. & McElwain, T.J. (1990) Survival of patients with breast cancer attending Bristol Cancer Help Centre, Lancet, 336: 606-10 (plus correspondence)


Bamford-Wade, A. & Moss, C. (2010) Transformational leadership and shared governance: an action Study, Journal of Nursing Management, 18: 815–821.


Barcelos, C.A. (2014) Producing (potentially) pregnant teen bodies: biopower and adolescent pregnancy in the USA, Critical Public Health, 24, (4): 476-488.


Bass, M.J., Brody, H.J., Helman, C.G., Howie, J.G.R., Lamberts, H., Norton, P.G. & Starfield, B. (1991) What Does the Primary Care Physician Do in Patient Care That Makes a Difference? Five Approaches to One Question, In: Norton, P.G., Stewart, M., Tudiver, F., Bass, M.J. and Dunn, E. (Eds.) Primary Care Research: Traditional and Innovative Approaches. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, pp. 209-220.


Boulton, M. & Parker, M (2007) Informed consent in a changing environment, Social Science & Medicine 65: 2187–2198.


Bower, P., King, M., Nazareth, I., Lampe, F. & Sibbald, B. (2005) Patient preferences in randomised controlled trials: Conceptual framework and implications for research, Social Science & Medicine 61: 685–695.


Bradley, C.J., Penberthy, L., Devers, K.J. and Holden, D.J. (2010) Health Services Research and Data Linkages: Issues, Methods, and Directions for the Future, Health Services Research 45 (5): 1468-1488


Breggin, P. (1993) Psychiatry's role in the holocaust, International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine, 4: 133-148.


Broom, A. & Willis, E. (2007) Competing Paradigms and Health Research, In Saks, M.& Allsop, J. (Eds.) Researching Health: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods. London: Sage


Cannella, G.S. and Lincoln, Y.S. (2007) Predatory vs. Dialogic Ethics: Constructing an Illusion or Ethical Practice as the Core of Research Methods, Qualitative Inquiry, 13: 315-335.


Christians, C.G. (2007) Cultural Continuity as an Ethical Imperative. Qualitative Inquiry, 13: 437-444.


Clark, M.C. and Sharf, B.F. (2007) The Dark Side of Truth(s): Ethical Dilemmas in Researching the Personal, Qualitative Inquiry, 13: 399-416.


Cohen, B.C. (1990) The Ethics of Using Medical Data From Nazi Experiments , Journal of Halacha and Contemporary Society, 1990 19: 103-26.


Conefrey, T. (1997) Gender, Culture and Authority in a University Life Sciences Laboratory, Discourse and Society, 8: 313: 340.


Corrigan, O. (2003) Empty ethics: the problem with informed consent, Sociology of Health & Illness, 25, (3): 768–792.


Cowden, S. & Singh, G. (2006) The ‘User’: Friend, foe or fetish? A critical Exploration of user involvement in health and social care, Critical Social Policy, 27, (1): 5-23.


Cutcliffe, J.R. (2005) Adapt or adopt: developing and transgressing the methodological boundaries of grounded theory, Journal of Advanced Nursing 51(4), 421–428


Dallimore, E.J. (2000) A Feminist Response to Issues of Validity in Research, Women's Studies in Communication, 23 (2): 157-181.


Dean, K. (2004) The role of methods in maintaining orthodox beliefs in health research, Social Science & Medicine ,58: 675–685.


Denscombe, M (2008). Communities of Practice: A Research Paradigm for the Mixed Methods Approach. Journal of Mixed Methods Research. 2, (3): 270-283


Department of Health (2006) Best Research for Best Health: A new national health research strategy, London: Department of Health


Department of Health (2011) Governance arrangements for research ethics committees, London: Department of Health.


Dingwall, R. (2006) An exercise in fatuity: research governance and the emasculation of HSR, Journal of Health Service Research and Policy, 11, (4): 193-194.


Dixon-Woods, M., Angell, E., Ashcroft, R.E. & Bryman, A. (2007) Written work: The social functions of Research Ethics Committee letters, Social Science & Medicine, 65: 792–802.


Dixon-Woods, M., Ashcroft, R.E., Jackson, C.J., Tobin, M.D., Kivits, J., Burton, P.R. & Samani, N.J. (2007) Beyond ‘‘misunderstanding’’: Written information and decisions about taking part in a genetic epidemiology study, Social Science & Medicine, 65: 2212–2222.


Dixon-Woods, M., Jackson, C., Windridge, K.C. & Kenyon, S. (2006) Receiving a summary of the results of a trial: qualitative study of participants’ views, British Medical Journal, 332, (7535): 206-2010.


Dixon-Woods, M., Suokas, A., Pitchforth, E. & Tarrant, C. (2009) An ethnographic study of classifying and accounting for risk at the sharp end of medical wards, Social Science & Medicine, 69: 362–369.


Donovan, J. (1995) The process of analysis during a grounded theory study of men during their partners’ pregnancies, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 21: 708-715.


Douglas, J. (1992) Black women’s health matters: putting black women on the research agenda. In Roberts, H. (ed.) Women’s Health Matters. London: Routledge. pp. 45–60.


Drost, E.A. (2011) Validity and Reliability in Social Science Research, Education Research and Perspectives, 38, (1): 105-123.


Dyson, S.M., Atkin, K., Culley, L., Dyson, S., Evans, H. & Rowley, D.T. (2010) Disclosure and sickle cell disorder: a mixed methods study of the young person with sickle cell at school. Social Science and Medicine, 70, (12): 2036-2044.


Dyson, S.M., Culley, L., Gill, C., Hubbard, S., Kennefick, A., Morris, P., Rees, D., Sutton, F. & Squire, P. (2006) Ethnicity Questions and Antenatal Screening for Sickle Cell/Thalassaemia [EQUANS] in England: A Randomised Controlled Trial of Two Questionnaires, Ethnicity and Health, 11, (2): 169-189.


Dyson, S. & Dyson, S. (2014) The Politics of Health Services Research: Health Professionals as Hired Hands in a Commissioned Research Project in England, Sociological Research Online, 19 (3), 14, DOI: 10.5153/sro.3457.


Dyson, S.M. (1995) Whooping cough vaccination: Historical, social and political controversies, Journal of Clinical Nursing, 4: 125-131.


Eby, M.A. (2000) Producing evidence ethically, in Gomm R & Davies C (Eds.) Using evidence in health and social care, London, Open University Press, pp. 108-128.


Ellis, C. (1995) Emotional and ethical quagmires in returning to the field, Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 24, (1): 68-98


Elo, S. & Kyngas, S H. (2008) The qualitative content analysis process. Journal of Advanced Nursing 62(1), 107–115.


Fahnestock, J (1998) Accommodating science: the rhetorical life of scientific facts, Written Communication, 15, (3): 330-350.


Featherstone, K. & Donovan, J.L. (2002) ‘‘Why don’t they just tell me straight, why allocate it?’’ The struggle to make sense of participating in a randomised controlled trial, Social Science & Medicine, 55:  709–719.


Feelhally, J. (2002) Culyer, research governance, and all that, Postgraduate Medical Journal, 78: 703-705.


Finch, J. (1984) "It's great to have someone to talk to": the ethics and politics of interviewing women in Bell, C. and Roberts, H. (Eds.) Social Researching: Politics, Problems, Practice, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, pp. 70-87.


Fujimura, J. and Chou, D. (1994) Dissent in science: styles of scientific practice and the controversy over the cause of AIDS Social Science and Medicine, 38, (8): 1017-1036.


Gambrill, E. (2006) Evidence-Based Practice and Policy: Choices Ahead, Research on Social Work Practice, 16, (3): 338-357.


Glasby, J. & Beresford, P. (2006) Who knows best? Evidence-based practice and the service user contribution, Critical Social Policy, 26, (1): 268–284.


Glasziou, P., Vandenbroucke, J. and Chalmers, I. (2004) Assessing the quality of research, British Medical Journal, 328: 39-41.


Golafshani, N. (2003) Understanding reliability and validity in qualitative research. The Qualitative Report, 8(4), 597-606.


Gomm, R. (2000) Would it work here? In Gomm, R. and Davies, C. (eds) Using Evidence in Health and Social Care Buckingham: Sage/Open University Press 170-191.


Gomm, R., Needham, G. & Bullman, A. (2000) Experimental methods and simple interventions: Bandages for leg ulcers  In Evaluating Research in Health and Social Care, Buckingham: Open University Press.


Gomm, R., Needham, G. & Bullman, A. (2000) Experimental methods and complex interventions: Case management in mental health care  In Evaluating Research in Health and Social Care, Buckingham: Open University Press.


Gomm, R., Needham, G. & Bullman, A. (2000) From effectiveness to cost effectiveness: A trial of a hospital at home scheme  In Evaluating Research in Health and Social Care, Buckingham: Open University Press.


Gomm, R., Needham, G. & Bullman, A. (2000) Comparing like with like: A systematic review and meta analysis of home visiting schemes and childhood injury   In Evaluating Research in Health and Social Care, Buckingham: Open University Press.


Gomm, R., Needham, G. & Bullman, A. (2000) The basics of experimental design In Evaluating Research in Health and Social Care, Buckingham: Open University Press.


Gomm, R., Needham, G. & Bullman, A. (2000) Research instruments in experimental research In Evaluating Research in Health and Social Care, Buckingham: Open University Press.


Gomm, R., Needham, G. & Bullman, A. (2000) Reading the results of experimental research In Evaluating Research in Health and Social Care, Buckingham: Open University Press.


Gomm, R., Needham, G. & Bullman, A. (2000) Surveys, samples and questions: Consumer satisfaction with the NHS In Evaluating Research in Health and Social Care, Buckingham: Open University Press.


Gomm, R., Needham, G. & Bullman, A. (2000) An equity audit in coronary care In Evaluating Research in Health and Social Care, Buckingham: Open University Press.


Gomm, R., Needham, G. & Bullman, A. (2000) Surveys and case control studies  In Evaluating Research in Health and Social Care, Buckingham: Open University Press.


Gomm, R., Needham, G. & Bullman, A. (2000)  Controlling for age and socio-economic circumstances In Evaluating Research in Health and Social Care, Buckingham: Open University Press.


Gomm, R., Needham, G. & Bullman, A. (2000)  Loosely structured interviews: The stories behind the statistics In Evaluating Research in Health and Social Care, Buckingham: Open University Press.


Gomm, R., Needham, G. & Bullman, A. (2000)  Naturalistic observation: Midwives' ethnic stereotyping of their patients In Evaluating Research in Health and Social Care, Buckingham: Open University Press.


Gomm, R., Needham, G. & Bullman, A. (2000)  Understanding language in context: professional uncertainty In Evaluating Research in Health and Social Care, Buckingham: Open University Press.


Gomm, R., Needham, G. & Bullman, A. (2000)  Action research: Applied qualitative methods in the family centre In Evaluating Research in Health and Social Care, Buckingham: Open University Press.


Gomm, R., Needham, G. & Bullman, A. (2000) Collecting and analysing qualitative data  In Evaluating Research in Health and Social Care, Buckingham: Open University Press.


Grogan, S. & Wainwright, N. (1996) Growing up in the culture of slenderness: Girls experiences of body dissatisfaction, Women's Studies International Forum, 19, (6): 665-673.


Halse, C. and Honey, A. (2007) Rethinking Ethics Review as Institutional Discourse. Qualitative Inquiry, 13: 336-352.


Hanmer, J. & Leonard, D. (1984) Negotiating the problem: The DHSS and research on violence in marriage, In Bell, C. & Roberts, H. (Eds.) Social Researching: Politics, Problems, Practice, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, pp. 32-53.


Harrison, S. (1998) The politics of evidence based medicine in the United Kingdom, Policy and Politics, 26, (1): 15-31.


Heath, H. & Cowley, S. (2004) Developing a grounded theory approach: a comparison of Glaser and Strauss, International Journal of Nursing Studies, 41: 141–150.


Hedgecoe, A. (2006) It’s money that matters: the financial context of ethical decision-making in modern biomedicine, Sociology of Health & Illness, 28, (6): 768–784.


Hesse-Biber, S.N. & Leavey, p. (2011) The ethics of social research In Hesse-Biber, S.N. and Leavey, P. The practice of qualitative research, London: Sage pp. 59-89.


Hewison, A. (2004) Evidence-based management in the NHS: is it possible? Journal of Health Organization and Management, 18, (5): 336-348.


Hey, V. (1999) Frail elderly people: Difficult questions and awkward answers, In: Hood, S., Mayall, B. & Oliver, S. (Eds.) Critical issues in social research: Power and prejudice, Buckingham: Open University Press, pp. 94-110.


Hodges, B.D., Kuper, A. & Reeves, S. (2008) Qualitative Research: Discourse analysis, British Medical Journal, 337: doi:10.1136/bmj.a879


Hood, R. (2012) A critical realist model of complexity for interprofessional working, Journal of Interprofessional Care, 26: 6–12.


Howe, A., Delaney, S., Romero, J., Tinsley, A. and Vicary, P.(2010) Public involvement in health research: a case study of one NHS project over 5 years, Primary Health Care Research & Development; 11: 17–28.


Hunter, C.L., Spence, K., McKenna, K. & Iedema, R. (2008) Learning how we learn: an ethnographic study in a neonatal intensive care unit. Journal of Advanced Nursing 62(6), 657–664.


Ioannidis, J.P.A. (2005) Why Most Published Research Findings Are False. PLoS Medicine 2(8): e124. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0020124 (open access)


Jackson, S. and Scambler, G (2007) Perceptions of evidence-based medicine: traditional acupuncturists in the UK and resistance to biomedical modes of evaluation. Sociology of Health and Illness, 29, (3): 412-429.


Jefferson, G. (2004) Glossary of transcript symbols with an introduction In G. H. Lerner (Ed.) Conversation Analysis: Studies from the first generation (pp. 13-23). Philadelphia: John Benjamins.


Joseph, J. (2005) The 1942 ‘euthanasia’ debate in the American Journal of Psychiatry, History of Psychiatry, 16, (2): 171–179.


Joseph Rowntree Foundation (2011) Ethnic diversity and inequality: ethical and scientific rigour in social research, York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.


Kaptchuk T. (2003) Effect of interpretive bias on research evidence, British Medical Journal, 326:1453–5.


Kvigne, K. & Kirkevold, M. (2003) Living With Bodily Strangeness: Women’s Experiences of Their Changing and Unpredictable Body Following a Stroke, Qualitative Health Research, 13, (9): 1291-1310.


Labrie, N. & Schulz, P.J. (2014) Does Argumentation Matter? A Systematic Literature Review on the Role of Argumentation in Doctor–Patient Communication, Health Communication, 29 (10): 996-1008.


Lau, R.W.K. & Morgan, J. (2012) Integrating Discourse, Construction and Objectivity: A Contemporary Realist Approach, Sociology 48, (3): 573–589.


Lindsay, J. (2005) Getting the Numbers: The Unacknowledged Work in Recruiting for Survey Research, Field Methods, 17, (1): 119–128.


Lloyd, M. (1996) Condemned to be meaningful: non-response in studies of men and infertility, Sociology of Health and Illness 18 (4): 433-454.


Longhofer, J. and Floersch, J. (2012) The Coming Crisis in Social Work: Some Thoughts on Social Work and Science, Research on Social Work Practice 22, (5): 499-519.


Lynch, M (2002) Protocols, practices, and the reproduction of technique in molecular biology, British Journal of Sociology, 53, (2): 203–220.


Mackey S (2004) Phenomenological research: methodological insights derived from Heidegger’s interpretive phenomenology International Journal of Nursing Studies 42, (1): 179-186


Mason, J. (2006) Six strategies for mixing methods and linking data in social science research, London: ESRC National Centre for Research Methods.


Marston G; Watts R (2003) Tampering with the evidence: A critical appraisal of evidence-based policy-making. The Drawing Board: An Australian Review of Public Affairs, 3, (3): 143-163.


Marzano, M. (2007) Informed Consent, Deception, and Research Freedom in Qualitative Research: A Cross-Cultural Comparison, Qualitative Inquiry, 13, (3): 417-436.


May, C.R. (2006) Mobilising modern facts: health technology assessment and the politics of evidence, Sociology of Health and Illness, 28, (5): 513-532.


McCormack, J. & Greenhalgh, T. (2000) Seeing what you want to see in randomised controlled trials: versions and perversions of UKPDS data, British Medical Journal, 320: 1720-1723.


McDermont, M., Cowan, D. & Prendergast, J. (2009) Structuring governance: A case study of the new organizational provision of public service delivery, Critical Social Policy, 29, (4): 677-702.


McDonach, E., Barbour, R.S. and Williams, B. (2009) Reflections on applying for NHS ethical approval and governance in a climate of rapid change: prioritising process over principles, International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 12, (3): 227–241.


McLaughlin, H. & Shardlow, S. (2009) Different Cultures, Different Ethics? Research Governance and Social Care, Ethics and Social Welfare, 3, (1): 4-17.


McMullen, L.M. and Sigurdson, K.J. (2014) Depression Is to Diabetes as Antidepressants Are to Insulin: The Unravelling of an Analogy? Health Communication, 29: 309–317,


McPherson, K. and Britton, A. (1999) The Impact of Patient Treatment Preferences on the Interpretation of Randomised Controlled Trials, European Journal of Cancer, 35, (11): 1598-1602.


Medawar, P. (1964) Is the scientific paper a fraud? Talk broadcast on the BBC.


Milewa, T. & Barry, C. (2005) Health Policy and the Politics of Evidence, Social Policy and Administration, 39, (5): 498-512.


Miller, F.A., Ahern, C., Smith, C.A. & Harvey, E.A. (2006) Understanding the new human genetics: A review of scientific editorials, Social Science & Medicine 62: 2373–2385.


Mitchell, P.F. (2009) A discourse analysis on how service providers in non-medical primary health and social care services understand their roles in mental health care, Social Science & Medicine 68: 1213–1220.


Moerman, L., van der Laan, S. & Campbell, D. (2014) A tale of two asbestos giants: Corporate reports as (auto)biography, Business History, 56, (6): 975-995.


Morris, N. and Balmer, B (2006) Volunteer human subjects' understandings of their participation in a biomedical research experiment, Social Science and Medicine 62 (4): 998-1008.


Mykhalovskiy, E and Weir, L (2004) The problem of evidence-based medicine: directions for social science, Social Science and Medicine, 59, (5):,1059-1069.


Nazroo, J.Y. (1999) The racialization of inequalities in health, In Dorling, D. & Simpson, S. (Eds) Statistics in Society, London: Arnold, pp. 215-222.


Oakley, A. (1990) Who’s afraid of the randomised controlled trial?: Some dilemmas of the scientific method and ‘good’ research practice, In: Roberts, H. (Ed.) Women’s health counts, London: Routledge, pp. 167-194.


Oakley, A. (1981) Interviewing women: A contradiction in terms In Roberts, H. (Ed.) Doing feminist research, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, pp. 30-61.


Oakley, A. (1992) Getting at the oystyer: One of many lessons from the social support and pregnancy outcome study, In: Roberts, H. (Ed.) Women’s health matters, London: Routledge, pp. 11-32.


Oakley, A., Strange, V., Bonnel, C., Allen, E. & Stephenson, J. (2006) Process evaluation in randomised controlled trials of complex interventions, British Medical Journal, 332: 413–416.


O’ Cathain; Murphy E; Nicholl J (2008). The quality of mixed methods studies in health service research. Journal of Health Service Research Policy, 13 (2): 92-98.


Oliver, M. (1992) Changing the social relations of research production? Disability, Handicap and Society, 7, (2): 101-114.


Oliver, M.J. (1998) Theories of disability in health practice and research, British Medical Journal, 317: 1446–1449.


Padfield, m. & Procter, I. (1996) The Effect of Interviewer's Gender on the Interviewing Process: A comparative enquiry, Sociology, 30: 355-366.


Parker, I. (1999) Qualitative data and the subjectivity of objective facts: Research fails unless it engages with subjectivity, In Dorling, D. & Simpson, L. (Eds.) Statistics in Society: The Arithmetic of Politics, London: Arnold, pp. 83-88.


Phillimore, P. & Moffatt, S. (1994) Discounted knowledge: local experience, environmental pollution and health, In: Popay, J. & Williams, G. (Eds.) Researching the people’s health, London: Routledge, pp. 134-153.


Polich, G., Dole, C. & Kaptchuk, T.J. (2009) The need to act a little more ‘scientific’: biomedical researchers investigating complementary and alternative medicine, Sociology of Health & Illness, 32, (1): 106–122.


Pollitt, C., Harrison, S., Hunter, D.J. & Marnoch, G. (1990) No hiding place: On the discomforts of researching the contemporary policy process, Journal of Social Policy, 19, (2): 169-190.


Pope, C., Ziebland, S. & Mays, N. (2000) Qualitative research: Analysing qualitative data, British Medical Journal, 320: 114-116.


Porter, S. (1993) Nursing research conventions: Objectivity or obfuscation? Journal of Advanced Nursing, 18: 137-143.


Proctor, S. (2002) Whose evidence? Agenda setting in multi-professional research: observations from a case study, Health, Risk and Society, 4, (1): 45-59.


Purcell, C., Hilton, S. & McDaid, L. (2014) The stigmatisation of abortion: a qualitative analysis of print media in Great Britain in 2010 Culture, Health & Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care, 16, (9): 1141–1155,


Quinlan, E. (2009) The ‘actualities’ of knowledge work: an institutional ethnography of multi-disciplinary primary health care teams, Sociology of Health & Illness, 31, (5): 625–641.


Rambo, C. (2007) Handing IRB an Unloaded Gun, Qualitative Inquiry,13: 353-367.


Rennie, D., Evans, I., Farthing, M.J.G., Chantler, C., Chantler, S., Ris, P., Poloniecki, J., Irving, M., Berwick, D.M., Rubin, P., Treasure, T., Klein, R., (1998) Education and Debate: Dealing with research misconduct in the United Kingdom, British Medical Journal, 316: 1726–1733.


Resch, K.I.; Ernst, E. and Garrow, J. (2000) A randomised controlled trial of reviewer bias against an unconventional therapy. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 93: 164-167.


Rid, J. & Schmidt, H. (2010) The 2008 Declaration of Helsinki — First among Equals in Research Ethics? Journal of Law Medicine and Ethics, 38: 143-148.


Rhodes, P.J. (1994) Race-of-interviewer effects: a brief comment Sociology, 28, (2): 547-558.


Roberts, H. (1992) Answering back: the role of respondents in women's health research In: Roberts, H. (Ed.) Women's Health Matters, London: Routledge, pp. 176-192.


Robinson, E.J., Kerr, C., Stevens, A., Lilford, R., Braunholtz, D. & Edwards, S. (2004) Lay conceptions of the ethical and scientific justifications for random allocation in clinical trials. Social Science and Medicine, 58, (4): 811-824  


Roth, J. (1966) Hired hand research, American Sociologist, 1: 190-196.


Royal College of Nursing (2004) Promoting Excellence in Care through Research and Development, London: Royal College of Nursing.


Salter, C., Holland, R., Harvey, I. & Henwood, K. (2007) “I haven't even phoned my doctor yet.” The advice giving role of the pharmacist during consultations for medication review with patients aged 80 or more: qualitative discourse analysis British Medical Journal 334:1101 doi:10.1136.


Savory, C. (2010) Patient and public involvement in translative healthcare research, Clinical Governance: An International Journal 15, (3): 191-199


Scott P (1999) Black people’s health: ethnic status and research issues, In: Hood, S., Mayall, B. & Oliver, S. (Eds.) Critical issues in social research: power and prejudice. Buckingham: Open University Press, pp. 80-93.


Seale, C., Charteris-Black, J., Dumelow, C., Locock, L. and Ziebland, S. (2008) The Effect of Joint Interviewing on the Performance of Gender, Field Methods, 20, (2): 107–128.


Shashok, K. (2003) Pitfalls of editorial miscommunication, British Medical Journal, 326: 1262–1264.


Shaw, A., Latimer, J., Atkinson, P. & Featherstone, K. (2003) Surveying ‘slides’: Clinical perception and clinical judgement  in the construction of a genetic diagnosis, New Genetics and Society, 22, (1): 3-19.


Shaw, S.E., Petchey, R.P., Chapman, J. & Abbott, S. (2009) A double-edged sword? Health research and research governance in UK primary care, Social Science & Medicine, 68: 912–918.


Smith, J.A., Jarman, M. & Osbourn, M. (1999) Doing interpretive phenomenological research, In: Murray, M. & Chamberlain, K. (Eds.) Qualitative Health Psychology, London: Sage, pp. 218-240.


Smythe, E.A., Ironside, P.M., Sims, S.L., Swenson, M.M. & Spence, D.G. (2008) Doing Heideggerian hermeneutic research: A discussion paper, International Journal of Nursing Studies, 45: 1389–1397.


Solomon, M. (2000) The rhetoric of dehumanisation: An Analysis of Medical Reports of the Tuskegee Syphilis Project, In Reverby, S. (Ed.) (2000) Tuskgee’s truths: Rethinking the Tuskgee syphilis study, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press pp. 251-265.


St Ledger, A., Schneider, H. & Walsworth-Dell, J.P. (1992) Making evaluation work, In Evaluating Health Services’ Effectiveness, Buckingham: Open University Press, pp. 180-195.


Staniland, K. (2009) A sociological ethnographic study of clinical governance implementation in one NHS Hospital Trust, Clinical Governance: An International Journal, 14, (4): 271-280.


Stocking, B. (1995) Commentary: Why research findings are not used by commissions – and what can be done about it, Journal of Public Health Medicine, 17, (4): 380-382.


Strang, H., Sherman, L., Angel, C.M., Woods, D.J., Bennett, S., Newbury-Birch, D. and Inkpen, N. (2006) Victim Evaluations of Face-to-Face Restorative Justice Conferences: A Quasi-Experimental Analysis, Journal of Social Issues, 62, (2): 281—306.


Sun, F.-K., Long, A., Huang, X.-Y. & Huang, H.M. (2008) Family care of Taiwanese patients who had attempted suicide: a grounded theory study. Journal of Advanced Nursing 62, (1): 53-61



Tierney, W.G. and Corwin, Z.B. (2007) The Tensions Between Academic Freedom and Institutional Review Boards. Qualitative Inquiry, 13: 388-398.


Tilley, S. and Gormley, L. (2007) Canadian University Ethics Review: Cultural Complications Translating Principles Into Practice, Qualitative Inquiry, 13: 368-387.


Volpe, E.M. Morales-Aleman, M.M. & Teitelman, A.M. (2014) Urban Adolescent Girls’ Perspectives on Romantic Relationships: Initiation, Involvement, Negotiation, and Conflict, Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 35: 776–790.


Wainwright, S.P., Williams, C., Michael, M., Farsides, B. and Cribb, A. (2006) Ethical boundary-work in the embryonic stem cell laboratory, Sociology of Health & Illness, 28: 732–748.


Wanat, C.L. (2008) Getting Past the Gatekeepers: Differences Between Access and Cooperation in Public School Research, Field Methods, 20, (2): 191–208.


Ware, N.C., Tugenberg, T. & Dickey, B. (2003) Ethnography and Measurement in Mental Health: Qualitative Validation of a Measure of Continuity of Care (CONNECT), Qualitative Health Research, 13, (10): 393-1406.


Webb, S.A. (2001) Some considerations on the validity of evidence based practice in social work, British Journal of Social Work, 31: 57-79.


Weeks, L., Shane, C., MacDonald, F., Hart, C. and Smith, R. (2007) Learning from the experts: people with learning difficulties training and learning from each other, British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 34: 49–55.


West, E., Barron, D.N., Dowsett, J. & Newton, J.N. (1999) Hierarchies and cliques in the social networks of health care professionals: implications for the design of dissemination strategies, Social Science & Medicine, 48: 633-646.


Williams, T., Dunlap, E., Johnson, B.D. & Hamid,. A. (1992) Personal safety in dangerous places, Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 21, (3): 343-374.


Witte, S.P. (1998) Fifteen Years and Still Counting (on Ignorance and Confidence): An Editor's Note, Written Communication, 15: 275-278.


World Medical Association (1989/1964) World Medical Association declaration of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland: World Medical Association


Yearley, S. (1981) Textual Persuasion: The Role of Social Accounting in the Construction of Scientific Arguments, Philosophy of the Social Sciences, 11: 409–435


Young, E.H. & Lee, R.M. (1996) Fieldworker feelings as data: ‘Emotion work’ and ‘feeling rules’ in first person accounts of sociological fieldwork, In: James, V. & Gabe, J. (Eds.) Health and the Sociology of the Emotions: Sociology of Health and Illness Monograph Series, Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 97-113.


Zahourek, R.P. (2005) Intentionality: Evolutionary Development in Healing: A Grounded Theory Study for Holistic Nursing, Journal of Holistic Nursing, 23, (1): 89-109.